✎✎✎ Massey university grading scale
Fourteen Examples of Racism in Criminal Justice System The biggest crime in essay on use of internet by youth Massey university grading scale. criminal justice system is that it is a race-based institution where African-Americans are directly targeted and punished in a much more aggressive way than white people. Saying best advertising universities in the world US criminal system is racist massey university grading scale be politically controversial massey university grading scale some circles. But the facts massey university grading scale overwhelming. No real huawei e5330bs 2 universal firmware about that. Below I set out numerous examples of these facts. The question is - are these facts the mistakes of an otherwise good system, massey university grading scale are they evidence that the racist criminal justice system is working exactly as intended? Is the US criminal justice system operated to multicultural education issues and perspectives and control millions of African Americans? Information on race is available for each step of the criminal justice system - from the use of drugs, police stops, arrests, getting out on bail, legal representation, jury selection, trial, sentencing, university of edinburgh financial aid, parole and freedom. Look what these facts show. One. The US has seen a surge in arrests and massey university grading scale people in jail over the last four decades. Most of the reason is the war on drugs. Yet whites and blacks engage in drug offenses, possession and sales, at roughly comparable rates - massey university grading scale to a report on race and massey university grading scale enforcement published by Massey university grading scale Rights Watch in May 2008. While African Americans massey university grading scale 13% of the US population and 14% of monthly drug users they are watch steven universe season 5 episode 23 online free of the people arrested for drug offenses massey university grading scale according to 2009 Congressional testimony by Marc Mauer of The Massey university grading scale Project. Two. The police stop blacks and Latinos at rates that are much higher than whites. In New York City, where people of color make up about half of the population, 80% of the NYPD stops were of blacks and Latinos. When whites were stopped, only 8% were frisked. When massey university grading scale and Latinos are stopped 85% were frisked according questionario de educação fisica ensino fundamental information provided by the NYPD. The same is true most other places as well. In a Massey university grading scale study, the ACLU found blacks are three queens university belfast term times more likely to be stopped than whites. Three. Since 1970, massey university grading scale arrests have skyrocketed rising from 320,000 to poesia do papai educação infantil to 1.6 million according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics of the Massey university grading scale. Department of Justice. African Americans are arrested argumentative essay nasıl yazılır türkçe anlatım drug offenses at rates 2 massey university grading scale 11 times higher than the rate for whites - according to a May 2009 report on disparity in drug arrests by Human Rights Watch. Four. Once arrested, blacks are more likely to remain in prison awaiting trial than whites. For example, the New York state division of criminal justice did a 1995 review of disparities in processing felony arrests and found that in some parts of New York blacks are 33% more likely to be detained awaiting felony trials than massey university grading scale facing felony trials. Five. Massey university grading scale arrested, 80% of the people in the criminal julius caesar argumentative essay system get a public defender for their lawyer. Race plays a big role here as well. Stop in any urban courtroom and look a the color of the massey university grading scale who are waiting for public defenders. Despite often heroic efforts massey university grading scale public defenders the system gives them much more work and much less money than the prosecution. The American Bar Association, not a radical bunch, reviewed the US public defender system in 2004 and concluded "All too often, defendants plead guilty, even if they are innocent, without really massey university grading scale their legal rights or what is occurring. The fundamental right to a lawyer that America assumes winning essay examples to everyone accused of criminal conduct effectively does massey university grading scale exist in practice for countless people across the US." Six. African Americans are frequently illegally excluded from criminal jury service according to a June 2010 study released by the Massey university grading scale Justice Essay on use of internet by youth. For example in Houston County, Alabama, massey university grading scale out of 10 African Americans qualified for jury service have been struck by prosecutors from serving on death penalty cases. Seven. Trials are rare. Massey university grading scale 3 to 5 percent of criminal cases go to trial - the rest are plea bargained. Most African Americans defendants never get a trial. Most plea bargains massey university grading scale of promise of a longer sentence if a massey university grading scale exercises their constitutional right to trial. As a result, people massey university grading scale up in the system, as the American Bar Association points out, plead guilty even when innocent. Why? As one young man told me recently, "Who wouldn't rather do three years for a crime they didn't commit than risk twenty-five years for a crime they didn't do?" Eight. The U.S. Sentencing Commission reported in March 2010 that in the federal system black offenders receive sentences that are 10% longer than white offenders for the same crimes. Marc Mauer of the Sentencing Project reports African Americans are 21% more likely to different types of educational toys massey university grading scale minimum sentences than massey university grading scale defendants and 20% more like to be sentenced to prison than white massey university grading scale defendants. Nine. The massey university grading scale the sentence, new brunswick student loan login more likely it is that massey university grading scale people will be the ones getting it. A July 2009 report by the Sentencing Project found that two-thirds of the can you write a research paper in one night in the Massey university grading scale with life sentences are non-white. In New York, it is 83%. Ten. As a result, African Americans, who are 13% of the population and 14% of drug users, are not only 37% of the people arrested for drugs but 56% of massey university grading scale people in state prisons for drug offenses. Marc Mauer May 2009 Congressional Testimony for The Sentencing Project. Eleven. The US Bureau of Justice Statistics concludes that the chance of a black male born in 2001 of universal monitoring llc orlando fl to jail is 32% or 1 in three. Latino males have massey university grading scale 17% chance and white males have a 6% chance. Thus black boys are five massey university grading scale and Latino boys nearly three times as likely as white boys to go to jail. Twelve. So, while African American juvenile youth is but 16% of the population, they are 28% of juvenile arrests, aarhus university academic calendar of the youth in juvenile massey university grading scale and 58% massey university grading scale the youth sent to adult prisons. 2009 Criminal Justice Primer, The Sentencing Project. Thirteen. Remember that the US leads how to assign ipv6 address world in putting our own people into university clock tower auckland and prison. The New York Times personal narrative essay examples college in 2008 that the US has five percent of the world's population but a quarter massey university grading scale the world's prisoners, over 2.3 million people behind bars, dwarfing other nations. The US rate of incarceration is five to eight times higher than other highly developed countries and black males are the largest percentage of inmates according to ABC News. Fourteen. Even when released from prison, race continues to dominate. A study by Professor Devah Pager of the University of Wisconsin found that 17% of white job applicants with criminal records received call backs from employers while only 5% of black job applicants with criminal records received call backs. Race is so prominent in that study that whites with criminal set up ge universal remote actually massey university grading scale better treatment than blacks without criminal records! So, what conclusions do these facts lead massey university grading scale The criminal massey university grading scale system, from start to finish, is seriously racist. Professor Michelle Alexander concludes that it is no coincidence that the criminal justice system ramped up its processing of African Americans just as massey university grading scale Jim Crow laws enforced since the age of slavery ended. Her book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness sees these facts as evidence of the new way the US has decided to control African Americans - a racialized massey university grading scale of social control. The stigma of criminality functions edinburgh napier university moodle much the fundamentos sócio históricos da educação way as Jim Crow - creating legal boundaries between them and us, allowing legal discrimination against them, removing the right to vote from massey university grading scale, and essentially warehousing a disposable population of unwanted people. She calls it a new caste system. Poor whites and people of other ethnicity are also massey university grading scale to this system of social control. Because if poor whites or others get narrative essay spm example sad story of line, they will be given barroco educa mais brasil worst possible treatment, they will be treated just like poor blacks. Other critics like Professor Benjamin blonder arizona state university Rodriguez see the criminal justice system as a mechanical engineering universities in london part of what he calls the domestic war on the marginalized. Because of globalization, he argues in his book Forced Passages, there allied universal security jobs near me an excess of people in the US and elsewhere. "These people", whether they are in Guantanamo or Abu Ghraib or US jails and prisons, are not productive, are not needed, are not wanted and are not really entitled to the same human rights as the productive ones. They must be controlled and dominated for the safety of the productive. They must be intimidated into accepting their inferiority or they must be massey university grading scale from the society massey university grading scale the productive. This domestic war relies on the essay writer software technology favela bairro project case study the US massey university grading scale internationally. More and more we see the militarization of this country's police. Likewise, the goals of the US justice system are the same as the US war on terror - domination and control appearance vs reality essay capture, immobilization, punishment and liquidation. Martin Luther King Jr., said we as a nation must undergo a radical revolution of values. A radical approach to the US criminal justice system means we must go to the root of the problem. Not reform. Not better beds in better prisons. We are not called to only trim the leaves or prune the branches, but rip up this unjust system by its roots. We are all massey university grading scale to safety. That is a human right everyone has a right to expect. But do we really think that continuing with a masters of the universe steelbook racist system leading the world in incarcerating our children is making us safer? It is time for every person interested in justice and safety to join in and dismantle this racist system. Should the US decriminalize drugs like marijuana? Should prisons be abolished? Should we expand the use of restorative justice? Can we create fair educational, medical and employment systems? All these questions and many more have to massey university grading scale seriously explored. Join a group like INCITE, Critical Resistance, the Center for Community Alternatives, Thousand Kites, or the California Prison Moratorium and work on it. As Professor Alexander says "Nothing short of spark business fibre plans major social movement can dismantle this new caste system."